Casier, Tom (2011) The Rise of Energy to the Top of the EU-Russia Agenda: From Interdependence to Dependence? Geopolitics, 16 (3). pp. 536-552. ISSN 1465-0045 print / 1557-3028 online.
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Over the last decade we have witnessed an increasing politicisation of the energy discourse. Today energy relations of the EU are framed in terms of excessive dependence on Russia, qualifying the latter as a security threat. This article puts forward four criteria to define energy relations in security terms: supply vulnerability of the EU, the absence of Russian demand dependence, the dominance of energy over other capabilities, the willingness to link energy to foreign policy objectives. Little support is found to define the dependence on the import of Russian energy resources as a security issue. An alternative explanation is given, attributing growing energy concerns to shifting identities and perceptions in EU-Russia relations, which have contributed to understanding energy relations in competitive and geopolitical terms. Russia has developed a more assertive energy diplomacy, while in the EU sensitivity over energy dependence has grown as a result of changes on the global energy market and of the 2004 enlargement.
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations|
|Depositing User:||Tom Casier|
|Date Deposited:||05 Sep 2011 16:12|
|Last Modified:||11 Nov 2011 13:34|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/28119 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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