A continuous fluorimetric assay for protoporphyrinogen oxidase by monitoring porphyrin accumulation.

Shepherd, Mark and Dailey, Harry A. (2005) A continuous fluorimetric assay for protoporphyrinogen oxidase by monitoring porphyrin accumulation. Analytical Biochemistry, 344 (1). pp. 115-21. ISSN 0003-2697. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

A continuous spectrofluorimetric assay for protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO, EC 1.3.3.4) activity has been developed using a 96-well plate reader. Protoporphyrinogen IX, the tetrapyrrole substrate, is a colorless nonfluorescent compound. The evolution of the fluorescent tetrapyrrole product, protoporphyrin IX, was detected using a fluorescence plate reader. The apparent Km (Kapp) values for protoporphyrinogen IX were measured as 3.8+/-0.3, 3.6+/-0.5, and 1.0+/-0.1 microM for the enzymes from human, Myxococcus xanthus, and Aquifex aeolicus, respectively. The Ki for acifluorfen, a diphenylether herbicide, was measured as 0.53 microM for the human enzyme. Also, the specific activity of mouse liver mitochondrial PPO was measured as 0.043 nmol h-1/mg mitochondria, demonstrating that this technique is useful for monitoring low-enzyme activities. This method can be used to accurately measure activities as low as 0.5 nM min-1, representing a 50-fold increase in sensitivity over the currently used discontinuous assay. Furthermore, this continuous assay may be used to monitor up to 96 samples simultaneously. These obvious advantages over the discontinuous assay will be of importance for both the kinetic characterization of recombinant PPOs and the detection of low concentrations of this enzyme in biological samples.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Mark Shepherd
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2011 16:01
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2014 14:24
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/28096 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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