Russo, F. and Williamson, J. (2011) Generic versus single-case causality: the case of autopsy. European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 1 (1). pp. 47-69.
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This paper addresses questions about how the levels of causality (generic and single-case causality) are related. One question is epistemological: can relationships at one level be evidence for relationships at the other level? We present three kinds of answer to this question, categorised according to whether inference is top-down, bottom-up, or the levels are independent. A second question is metaphysical: can relationships at one level be reduced to relationships at the other level? We present three kinds of answer to this second question, categorised according to whether single-case relations are reduced to generic, generic relations are reduced to single-case, or the levels are independent. We then explore causal inference in autopsy. This is an interesting case study, we argue, because it refutes all three epistemologies and all three metaphysics. We close by sketching an account of causality that survives autopsy—the epistemic theory.
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages|
|Depositing User:||Jon Williamson|
|Date Deposited:||21 Mar 2011 12:54|
|Last Modified:||20 Jan 2012 15:04|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/27521 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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