Nanda, I. and Karl, E. and Griffin, D.K. and Schartl, M. and Schmid, M. (2007) Chromosome repatterning in three representative parrots (Psittaciformes) inferred from comparative chromosome painting. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 117 (1-4). pp. 43-53. ISSN 1424-8581.
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Parrots ( order: Psittaciformes) are the most common captive birds and have attracted human fascination since ancient times because of their remarkable intelligence and ability to imitate human speech. However, their genome organization, evolution and genomic relation with other birds are poorly understood. Chromosome painting with DNA probes derived from the flow-sorted macrochromosomes (1-10) of chicken (Gallus gallus, GGA) has been used to identify and distinguish the homoeologous chromosomal segments in three species of parrots, i. e., Agapornis roseicollis (peach-faced lovebird); Nymphicus hollandicus (cockatiel) and Melopsittacus undulatus ( budgerigar). The ten GGA macrochromosome paints unequivocally recognize 14 to 16 hybridizing regions delineating the conserved chromosomal segments for the respective chicken macrochromosomes in these representative parrot species. The cross-species chromosome painting results show that, unlike in many other avian karyotypes with high homology to chicken chromosomes, dramatic rearrangements of the macrochromosomes have occurred in parrot lineages. Among the larger GGA macrochromosomes (1-5), chromosomes 1 and 4 are conserved on two chromosomes in all three species. However, the hybridization pattern for GGA 4 in A. roseicollis and M. undulatus is in sharp contrast to the most common pattern known from hybridization of chicken macrochromosome 4 in other avian karyotypes. With the exception of A. roseicollis, chicken chromosomes 2, 3 and 5 hybridized either completely or partially to a single chromosome. In contrast, the smaller GGA macrochromosomes 6, 7 and 8 displayed a complex hybridization pattern: two or three of these macrochromosomes were found to be contiguously arranged on a single chromosome in all three parrot species. Overall, the study shows that translocations and fusions in conjunction with intragenomic rearrangements have played a major role in the karyotype evolution of parrots. Our inter-species chromosome painting results unequivocally illustrate the dynamic reshuffling of ancestral chromosomes among the karyotypes of Psittaciformes.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||Suzanne Duffy|
|Date Deposited:||21 Apr 2008 08:10|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2010 14:08|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/2656 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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