Direct and extended friendship effects on minority and majority children’s interethnic attitudes: A longitudinal study.

Feddes, A. and Noack, Peter and Rutland, Adam (2009) Direct and extended friendship effects on minority and majority children’s interethnic attitudes: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 80 . pp. 377-390. ISSN 0009-3920. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01266.x

Abstract

Longitudinal direct and extended cross-ethnic friendship effects on out-group evaluations amongst German (majority status, N = 76) and Turkish (minority status, N = 73) children (age 7-11 yrs) in ethnically heterogeneous elementary schools were examined at the beginning and end of the school year (time-lag: 7 months). The results showed that amongst majority status children, but not minority status children, direct cross-ethnic friendship predicted over time positive out-group evaluations. This association was partly mediated by perceived social norms about cross-ethnic friendship relations. No longitudinal effects of extended cross-ethnic friendship were found. This longitudinal study demonstrates for the first time the causal direction between greater direct cross-ethnic friendship and more positive outgroup attitudes amongst ethnic majority children. In addition, our results suggest that in ethnically heterogeneous contexts, direct friendship is more effective in changing intergroup attitudes than extended friendship and that social status moderates direct friendship effects.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Adam Rutland
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2010 13:54
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2014 14:12
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/26155 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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