Penfold, H.V. and Holder, S.J. and McKenzie, B.E. (2010) Octadecyl acrylate - Methyl methacrylate block and gradient copolymers from ATRP: Comb-like stabilizers for the preparation of micro- and nano-particles of poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(acrylonitrile) by non-aqueous dispersion polymerization. Polymer, 51 (9). pp. 1904-1913. ISSN 0032-3861.
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Three random and three block copolymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and octadecyl acrylate (ODA) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization. These copolymers were assessed for their application as stabilizers in the one-step non-aqueous dispersion (NAD) polymerization of MMA and of acrylonitrile (AN) in a non-polar solvent mixture of hexane and dodecane. In all cases stable spherical micro-particle colloidal dispersions were formed with particle diameters in the range of 62-2725 nm for PMMA. Uniform monodisperse PMMA particles with standard deviations in size distributions of less than 5% were obtained in two cases demonstrating the utility of ODA:MMA copolymers as replacement preformed stabilizers in the one-step synthesis of MMA micro-spheres. Overall the block copolymer PMMA(64)-block-PODA(36) gave greater control over size when varying the solvent: monomer ration than a related gradient PMMA-PODA copolymer. These copolymers were further used as stabilizers in the one-step NAD polymerization of MMA with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) under similar conditions allowing for the preparation of monodisperse cross-linked PMMA particles with diameters ranging from 110 to 1700 nm. The general utility of the copolymers as stabilizers was demonstrated by the NAD polymerization of acrylonitrile (AN) in non-polar solvent mixture of hexane and dodecane giving 'crumpled' latex dispersions with particle diameters in the range 85-483 nm. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Additional information:||Penfold, Hazel V. Holder, Simon J. McKenzie, Beulah E.|
Q Science > QD Chemistry
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences
|Depositing User:||Simon Holder|
|Date Deposited:||28 Oct 2010 10:57|
|Last Modified:||22 Nov 2011 17:00|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/25979 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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