Effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems: findings of the randomised UK alcohol treatment trial (UKATT)

Orford, J. and Coulton, S. (2005) Effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems: findings of the randomised UK alcohol treatment trial (UKATT). British Medical Journal, 331 (7516). p. 541. ISSN 0959-535X. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Objective To compare the effectiveness of social behaviour and network therapy, a new treatment for alcohol problems, with that of the proved motivational enhancement therapy. Design Pragmatic randomised trial. Setting Seven treatment sites around Birmingham, Cardiff, and Leeds. Participants 742 clients with alcohol problems; 689 (93.0%) were interviewed at three months and 617 (83.2%) at 12 months. Interventions Social behaviour and network therapy and motivational enhancement therapy. Main outcome measures Changes in alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence, and alcohol related problems over 12 months. Results Both groups reported substantial reductions in alcohol consumption, dependence, and problems, and better mental health related quality of life over 12 months. Between groups we found only one significant difference in outcome, probably due to chance: the social network group showed significantly better physical health at three months. Non-significant differences at 12 months in the motivational group relative to the social network group included: the number of drinks consumed per drinking day had decreased by an extra 1.1 (95% confidence interval -1.0 to 3.2); scores on the Leeds dependence questionnaire had improved by an extra 0.6 (-0.7 to 2.0); scores on the alcohol problems questionnaire had improved by an extra 0.5 (-0.4 to 1.4); but the number of days abstinent from drinking had increased by 1.2% less (-4.5% to 6.9%). Conclusion The novel social behaviour and network therapy for alcohol problems did not differ significantly in effectiveness from the proved motivational enhancement therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Helen McGregor
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2010 14:33
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2011 10:36
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/25769 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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