Sensitive males: inbreeding depression in an endangered bird

Brekke, Patricia and Bennett, Peter M. and Wang, Jinliang and Pettorelli, Nathalie and Ewen, John G. (2010) Sensitive males: inbreeding depression in an endangered bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 277 (1700). pp. 3677-3684. ISSN 0962-8452. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1144

Abstract

Attempts to conserve threatened species by establishing new populations via reintroduction are controversial. Theory predicts that genetic bottlenecks result in increased mating between relatives and inbreeding depression. However, few studies of wild sourced reintroductions have carefully examined these genetic consequences. Our study assesses inbreeding and inbreeding depression in a free-living reintroduced population of an endangered New Zealand bird, the hihi (Notiomystis cincta). Using molecular sexing and marker-based inbreeding coefficients estimated from 19 autosomal microsatellite loci, we show that (i) inbreeding depresses offspring survival, (ii) male embryos are more inbred on average than female embryos, (iii) the effect of inbreeding depression is male-biased and (iv) this population has a substantial genetic load. Male susceptibility to inbreeding during embryo and nestling development may be due to size dimorphism, resulting in faster growth rates and more stressful development for male embryos and nestlings compared with females. This work highlights the effects of inbreeding at early life-history stages and the repercussions for the long-term population viability of threatened species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Peter Bennett
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2010 13:25
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2014 11:03
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/25474 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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