Tryprophan metbolism in alcoholism. Tryptophan but not excitatory amino acid availablity to the brain is increased before the appearance of the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome in men

Badaway, ABDULLA A.-B and Rommelspacher, Hans and Morgan, Christopher J. and Bradley, Don M. and Bonner, Adrian B. and Ehlert, Annette and Blum, Susanne and Spies, Claudia D. (1998) Tryprophan metbolism in alcoholism. Tryptophan but not excitatory amino acid availablity to the brain is increased before the appearance of the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome in men. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 34 (4). pp. 616-625. ISSN 0735-0414. (Full text available)

PDF
Download (818kB)
[img]
Preview
Official URL
http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/6/616....

Abstract

Tryptophan (Trp) metabolism and disposition and excitatory and other amino acid concentrations were determined in alcohol-dependent subjects in relation to the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome (AWS). Parameters were examined in 12 alcohol-dependent male subjects, undergoing elective upper digestive tract tumour resection, and 12 age-, gender-, and medication-matched controls on three occasions: pre-operatively, post-operatively, and immediately before (i.e. within 24 h of) the appearance of the AWS. No significant differences were observed between controls and alcoholic subjects on the first or second ot these occasions. On the third occasion, within 24 h of the appearance of the AWS, alcoholics showed a dramatic elevation (117%) in free serum Trp concentration and a consequent increase (111%) in the ratio of [free Trp]/[competing ammo acids], which is an accurate predictor of Trp entry into the brain. Increases were also observed on this third occasion in concentrations of total Trp (49%), cortisol (123%), and norharman (137%). Concentrations of glutamate, glycine, aspartate, serine, and taurine did not differ significantly within or between the control and alcohol-dependent groups of subjects on any of the three occasions. The possible significance of the Trp and related metabolic changes in relation to the behavioural features of the AWS is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 14:26
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2014 09:38
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/24736 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
  • Depositors only (login required):

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year