Functional Programming

Chitil, Olaf (2009) Functional Programming. In: Wah, Benjamin W., ed. Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, pp. 1334-1344. ISBN 978-0-471-38393-2. (Full text available)

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Abstract

Functional programming is a programming paradigm like object-oriented programming and logic programming. Functional programming comprises both a specific programming style and a class of programming languages that encourage and support this programming style. Functional programming enables the programmer to describe an algorithm on a high-level, in terms of the problem domain, without having to deal with machine-related details. A program is constructed from functions that only map inputs to outputs, without any other effect on the program state. Thus a function will always return the same output, regardless of when and in which context the function is used. These functions provide clear interfaces, separate concerns and are easy to reuse. A small and simple set of highly orthogonal language constructs assists in writing modular programs.

Item Type: Book section
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Computing > Theoretical Computing Group
Depositing User: Mark Wheadon
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 12:12
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 04:54
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/24064 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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