Hopker, J.G. and Passfield, L. and Coleman, D.A. and Jobson, S.A. and Edwards, L. and Carter, H. (2009) The Effects of Training on Gross Efficiency in Cycling: A Review. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30 (12). pp. 845-850. ISSN 0172-4622.
|The full text of this publication is not available from this repository. (Contact us about this Publication)|
There has been much debate in the recent scientific literature regarding the possible ability to increase gross efficiency in cycling via training. Using cross-sectional study designs, researchers have demonstrated no signifi cant diff erences in gross efficiency between trained and untrained cyclists. Reviewing this literature provides evidence to suggest that methodological inadequacies may have played a crucial role in the conclusions drawn from the majority of these studies. We present an overview of these studies and their relative shortcomings and conclude that in well-controlled and rigorously designed studies, training has a positive influence upon gross efficiency. Putative mechanisms for the increase in gross efficiency as a result of training include, muscle fibre type transformation, changes to muscle fibre shortening velocities and changes within the mitochondria. However, the specific mechanisms by which training improves gross efficiency and their impact on cycling performance remain to be determined.
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Studies|
|Depositing User:||James Hopker|
|Date Deposited:||21 Jan 2011 17:00|
|Last Modified:||16 Dec 2011 11:11|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/23815 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
- Depositors only (login required):