Threat inoculation: Experienced and imagined intergenerational contact prevent stereotype threat effects on older people’s math performance

Abrams, Dominic and Crisp, Richard J. and Marques, Sibila and Fagg, Emily and Bedford, Lauren and Provias, Dimitri (2008) Threat inoculation: Experienced and imagined intergenerational contact prevent stereotype threat effects on older people’s math performance. Psychology and Aging, 23 (4). pp. 934-939. ISSN 0882-7974 . (Access to this publication is restricted)

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Abstract

The authors hypothesized that experienced and imagined intergenerational contact should improve older people's math test performance under stereotype threat. In Experiment 1 (N = 5 1, mean age = 69 years), positive prior contact with grandchildren eliminated stereotype threat, which was mediated partially by reduced test-related anxiety. In Experiment 2 (N = 84. mean age = 72 years), the effect of threat on performance was significantly improved when participants merely imagined intergenerational contact, a situation again mediated by reduced anxiety. Previous research established that intergroup contact improves intergroup attitudes. The findings show that intergroup (intergenerational) contact also provides a defense against stereotype threat.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: intergenerational contact; stereotype threat; test performance; imagined contact
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Anna Johns
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2010 13:48
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014 07:56
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/23650 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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