Anxiety and the regulation of complex problem situations: Playing it safe?
In: Battmann, Wolfgang and Dutke, Stephan, eds.
Processes of the Molar Regulation of Behavior.
Pabst Science Publishers, Berlin, pp. 105-118.
(Full text available)
PDF (Stoeber (1996) - Anxiety and the regulation of complex problem situations: Playing it safe?)
According to Schönpflug, an ecologically valid model of behavioral regulation should contain antecedent, focal, and consequential problem variables while allowing for a classification of primary versus auxiliary actions. To study individual differences in dynamic problem solving, the task simulation RISK is introduced. Within this task, highly anxious subjects were expected to demonstrate a greater safety expertise because of a hypothesized tendency to focus on risks and modify them. The results, however, indicated a preference for a more narrow focus: Highly anxious subjects directed their regulatory efforts primarily to focal and consequential problem variables. Yet, in RISK, this was a safe and also successful strategy.
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