The structure of phosphate glass biomaterials from neutron diffraction and P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance data

Pickup, David M. and Ahmed, Ifty and Guerry, Paul and Knowles, Jonathan C. and Smith, Mark E. and Newport, Robert J. (2007) The structure of phosphate glass biomaterials from neutron diffraction and P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance data. In: International Workshop on Current Challenges in Liquid and Glass Science, 10-12 January 2007, Abingdon, ENGLAND. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/19/41/415116

Abstract

Neutron diffraction and P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to probe the structure of phosphate glass biomaterials of general composition (CaO)(0.5-x) (Na2O)(x) (P2O5)(0.5) (x = 0, 0.1 and 0.5). The results suggest that all three glasses have structures based on chains of Q(2) phosphate groups. Clear structural differences are observed between the glasses containing Na2O and CaO. The P-O bonds to bridging and non-bridging oxygens are less well resolved in the neutron data from the samples containing CaO, suggesting a change in the nature of the bonding as the field strength of the cation increases Na+ -> Ca2(+). In the (CaO)(0.5)(P2O5)(0.5) glass most of the Ca2+ ions are present in isolated CaOx polyhedra whereas in the (Na2O)(0.5) (P2O5)(0.5) glass the NaOx polyhedra share edges leading to a Na-Na correlation. The results of the structural study are related to the properties of the (CaO)(0.4) (Na2O)(0.1) (P2O5)(0.5) biomaterial.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Suzanne Duffy
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2008 14:03
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 09:38
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/2259 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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