Individual and service factors affecting deinstitutionalization and community use of people with intellectual disabilities

Baker, Peter A. (2007) Individual and service factors affecting deinstitutionalization and community use of people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 20 (2). pp. 105-109. ISSN 1360-2322. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2006.00313.x

Abstract

Background: The aim was to evaluate the effect of the closure of a small intellectual disability hospital on the community use of those people involved. In addition, the study sought to identify those factors that might influence the community use of people with intellectual disabilities. Methods: The impact of resettlement was investigated using a mixed design in which changes in the dependent variable (The Guernsey Community Participation and Leisure Assessment, GCPLA scores) were measured within-subjects (before and after leaving hospital) and between-subjects (using a comparison group of people who lived in the community throughout the study). In addition, a standard multiple regression design was employed to explore the relative contribution of client and service variables to GCPLA scores. Results: Resettlement from hospital corresponded with significant increase in the range and frequency of leisure and community contacts, although community use remained low in comparison with the general population and in relation to other people with intellectual disabilities. Community and leisure use was found to be related to the place of residence, adaptive behaviour and the robustness of community goals within the service user's individual plan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: community use; deinstitutionalization; individual planning; intellectual disability; leisure
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Katie Edwards
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2008 09:57
Last Modified: 08 May 2014 09:46
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/2214 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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