Griffith, D.A. and Jarvis, S.M. (1993) High-Affinity Sodium-Dependent Nucleobase Transport in Cultured Renal Epithelial-Cells (Llc-Pk1). Journal of Biological Chemistry, 268 (27). pp. 20085-20090. ISSN 0021-9258.
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Two distinct transporters for nucleobases have been characterized in LLC-PK1 cells. The first system accumulates hypoxanthine against a concentration gradient in the presence of sodium. The sodium-dependent uptake of hypoxanthine was saturable at 22-degrees-C with a K(m) value of 0.79 +/- 0.43 muM, a V(max) of 15 +/- 4 pmol/mg protein/60 s, and a Na+:hypoxanthine coupling stoichiometry of 1.27 +/- 0.20. Uptake of hypoxanthine was inhibited by 5-fluorouracil, uracil, thymine, and guanine (K(i) values 3-6 muM). Adenine and nucleosides were without effect. Using cell monolayers grown on a permeable filter support, Na+-dependent hypoxanthine uptake occurred preferentially from the apical surface. The second system exhibited no cation specificity and was saturable with a low affinity for hypoxanthine (K(m) of 124 +/- 22 muM) and a high V(max) of 275 +/- 38 pmol/mg protein/60 s. Adenine and guanine inhibited Na+-independent hypoxanthine uptake (K(i) values 30 +/- 15 and 18 +/- 7 muM, respectively). Other nucleobases and nucleosides exhibited little or no inhibition of equilibrative hypoxanthine influx. Dipyridamole, dilazep, and phloridzin were effective inhibitors of Na+-dependent hypoxanthine uptake but had little effect on the Na+-independent flux. This study represents the first direct demonstration of a unique high affinity Na+ nucleobase co-transporter system in cultured animal cells.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||M. Nasiriavanaki|
|Date Deposited:||01 Aug 2009 12:51|
|Last Modified:||01 Aug 2009 12:51|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/22119 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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