The structure of the rare-earth phosphate glass (Sm2O3)(0.205)( P2O5)(0.795) studied by anomalous dispersion neutron diffraction

Cole, Jacqueline M. and Wright, Adrian C. and Newport, Robert J. and Sinclair, Roger N. and Fischer, Henry E. and Cuello, Gabrial J. and Martin, Richard A. (2007) The structure of the rare-earth phosphate glass (Sm2O3)(0.205)( P2O5)(0.795) studied by anomalous dispersion neutron diffraction. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 19 (5). 056002. ISSN 0953-8984. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/19/5/056002

Abstract

The role of the Sm3+ ions in the structure of vitreous Sm2O3 center dot 4P(2)O(5) has been investigated using the neutron diffraction anomalous dispersion technique, which employs the wavelength dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the neutron scattering length close to an absorption resonance. The data described here represent the first successful complete neutron anomalous dispersion study on an amorphous material. This experimental methodology permits one to determine exclusively the closest Sm center dot center dot center dot Sm separation. Knowledge of the R center dot center dot center dot R (R = rare-earth) pairwise correlation is key to understanding the optical and magnetic properties of rare- earth phosphate glasses. The anomalous difference correlation function, Delta Y"(r), shows a dominant feature pertaining to a Sm center dot center dot center dot Sm separation, centred at 4.8 angstrom . The substantial width and marked asymmetry of this peak indicates that the minimum approach of Sm3+ ions could be as close as 4 angstrom. Information on other pairwise correlations is also revealed via analysis of T (r) and Delta T (r) correlation functions: Sm3+ ions display an average co-ordination number, nSm(O), of 7, with a mean Sm-O bond length of 2.375(5) A whilst the PO4 tetrahedra have a mean P - O bond length of 1.538(2) angstrom. Second- and third-neighbour correlations are also identified. These results corroborate previous findings. Such consistency lends support to the application of the anomalous dispersion technique to determine Sm center dot center dot center dot Sm separations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Louise Dorman
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2007 17:43
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2014 12:48
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/2188 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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