Kahrs, Stefan
(1992)
*Unlimp -- uniqueness as a leitmotiv for implementation.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
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## Abstract

When evaluation in functional programming languages is explained using λ-calculus and/or term rewriting systems, expressions and function definitions are often defined as terms, that is as em trees. Similarly, the collection of all terms is defined as a em forest, that is a directed, acyclic graph where every vertex has at most one incoming edge. Concrete implementations usually drop the last restriction (and sometimes acyclicity as well), i.e. many terms can share a common subterm, meaning that different paths of subterm edges reach the same vertex in the graph. Any vertex in such a graph represents a term. A term is represented uniquely in such a graph if there are no two different vertices representing it. Such a representation can be established by using em hash-consing for the creation of heap objects. We investigate the consequences of adopting uniqueness in this sense as a leitmotiv for implementation (called Unlimp), i.e. not em allowing any two different vertices in a graph to represent the same term.

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