Smith, R.J. and Muir, R.J.D. and Walpole, M.J. and Balmford, A.P. and Leader-Williams, N. (2003) Governance and the loss of biodiversity. Nature, 426 . pp. 67-70. ISSN 0028-0836.
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Most of the world’s biodiversity occurs within developing countries that require donor support to build their conservation capacity1.Unfortunately, some of these countries experience high levels of political corruption2, which may limit the success of conservation projects by reducing effective funding levels and distorting priorities3. We investigated whether changes in three well surveyed and widespread components of biodiversity were associated with national governance scores and other socioeconomic measures. Here we show that governance scores were correlated with changes in total forest cover, but notwith changes in natural forest cover. We found strong associations between governance scores and changes in the numbers of African letters to nature NATURE |VOL 426 | 6 NOVEMBER 2003 | www.nature.com/nature 67 elephants and black rhinoceroses, and these socio-economic factors explained observed patterns better than any others. Finally, we show that countries rich in species and identified as containing priority areas for conservation have lower governance scores than other nations. These results stress the need for conservationists to develop and implement policies that reduce the effects of political corruption and, in this regard, we question the universal applicability of an influential approach to conservation that seeks to ban international trade in endangered species.
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biodiversity Conservation Group|
|Depositing User:||Nicola Kerry-Yoxall|
|Date Deposited:||19 Dec 2007 18:03|
|Last Modified:||22 Nov 2011 15:21|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/209 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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