Perfectionism, fear of failure, and affective responses to success and failure: The central role of fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment

Sagar, S.S. and Stoeber, J. (2009) Perfectionism, fear of failure, and affective responses to success and failure: The central role of fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 31 (5). pp. 602-627. ISSN 0895-2779. (Full text available)

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Abstract

This study investigated how different aspects of perfectionism in athletes (N = 388) related to the different fears of failure proposed by Conroy et al. (2002), and how perfectionism and fears of failure predicted positive and negative affect after imagined success and failure in sports competitions. Results showed that perfectionistic personal standards showed a negative relationship with fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment and a positive relationship with positive affect after success, whereas perfectionistic concern over mistakes and perceived parental pressure showed a positive relationship with fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment and with negative affect after failure. Moreover, fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment fully mediated the relationship between perfectionistic concern and negative affect and between coach pressure and negative affect. The findings demonstrate that fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment is central in the perfectionism-fear of failure relationship and that perfectionistic concern about mistakes and perceived coach pressure are aspects of perfectionism that predict fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment and negative affect after failure.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: The authors thank Sophia Jowett, Kathleen Otto, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this article.
Uncontrolled keywords: Personal Standards; Concern over Mistakes; Athletes; Fear; Coaches; Parents
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2009 08:28
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 03:36
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/20884 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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