Loss of the Compound Action-Potencial - an Electrophysiological, Biochemical and Morphological-Study of Early Events in Axonal Degeneration in the C57BL/OLA Mouse

Tsao, J.W and Brown, M.C and Carden, M.J. and McLean, W.G and Perry, V.H (1994) Loss of the Compound Action-Potencial - an Electrophysiological, Biochemical and Morphological-Study of Early Events in Axonal Degeneration in the C57BL/OLA Mouse. European Journal of Neuroscience, 6 (4). pp. 516-524. ISSN 0953-816X. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

In the C57BL/Ola (Ola) mouse strain there is a marked slowing of axonal disintegration during Wallerian degeneration. The locus of the mutation controlling this phenomenon (slow Wallerian degeneration-Wld(s)) has been mapped to chromosome 4, and its protective effect decreases with advancing age. Using biochemical, electrophysiological and histological techniques, the present study was undertaken to determine whether neurofilament phosphorylation and stability are altered or whether calcium-activated proteases are absent in the sciatic nerves of Ola mice. A compound action potential was detectable only when neurofilaments were present and normal axonal architecture was seen. In 1-month-old Ola mice, compound action potentials and neurofilaments were still detectable at 21 days post-transection, whereas both were undetectable by 2 days in BALB/c and C57BL/6J (6J) mice of the same age. Neurofilament levels declined faster with advancing Ola age, confirming previous results, whereas degeneration slowed in ageing BALB/c and 6J mice. In vitro and in vivo degeneration rates were comparable in BALB/c and 6J nerves. Ola nerves, however, showed more rapid decline in vitro than in vivo. Ola and BALB/c nerves frozen and then thawed and incubated in the presence of calcium ions and the ionophore A23187 were not resistant to degradation by intrinsic proteases. Even when a compound action potential could no longer be elicited, however, a majority of nerves still had >50% of myelinated and unmyelinated axons whose electron microscopic profiles appeared normal. Thus, it appears that the first event in Wallerian degeneration in the Ola mouse is a change at the plasma membrane-a transected nerve becomes unable to conduct a compound action potential. Degeneration of the cytoskeleton is a later, separable event.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: WALLERIAN DEGENERATION; COMPOUND ACTION POTENTIAL; NEUROFILAMENTS; AXON
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: P. Ogbuji
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2009 08:18
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2012 10:55
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/20075 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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