Renfrew, A.H.M and Taylor, J.A and Whitmore, J.M.J and Williams, A. (1994) NUCLEOPHILIC AROMATIC-SUBSTITUTION IN HETEROCYCLES - ALCOHOLYSIS AND HYDROLYSIS OF 2-ANILINO-4,6-DICHLORO-1,3,5-TRIAZINES. Journal of the Chemical Society-Perkin Transactions 2 (12). pp. 2389-2393. ISSN 0300-9580.
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Kinetics are reported for the alkaline hydrolysis of 2-anilino-4,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazines to yield the corresponding mono-hydroxy species. The pseudo-first-order rate constants are independent of general-base concentration and obey the rate law eqn. (i), where K-1 = K-w/K-a, K(a)is the ionisation (i) k(obs) = (k(H2O) + k(OH)K(1)[OH])/([OH] + K-1) constant for the aniline proton and k(OH) is the bimolecular rate constant for attack of hydroxide ion on the neutral triazine molecule. The parameters k(OH) and K-a obey Hammett equations with sigma degrees[eqns. (ii) and (iii)]. The kinetically determined pK(a) of the 4-chloroanilino-4,6-dichloro-1,3,5- (ii) log k(OH) = 1.06 +/- 0.15 sigma degrees - 0.064 +/- 0.054 (r = 0.9709) (iii) pK(a) = -2.13 +/- 0.16 sigma degrees + 10.92 +/- 0.06 (r = 0.9919) triazine is close to that measured by pH-titration. The kinetics for hydrolysis and alcoholysis of 2- (N-methyanilino)-4,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine are independent of general-base concentration and are first order in oxyanion and triazine concentration; the derived second-order rate constants (k(RO).) (excepting the hydroxide term) obey the extended Bronsted equation (iv). (iv) log k(RO) = 0.84 +/- 0.06 pK(a)(ROH) - 10.89 +/- 0.87 (r = 0.9886) The hydroxide ion term is some three orders of magnitude less nucleophilic than an alkoxide of the same pK(a). The data exclude the conjugate base of the 2-anilino-4,6-dichloro-1.3.5-triazine as a major contributor to the reaction flux of the hydrolysis and are consistent with a mechanism involving addition of the hydroxide ion to the neutral triazine. The polar substituent effects on the hydroxide ion reactivity indicate that there is substantial charge accumulation in the triazine nucleus in the transition state of the addition step.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Engineering and Digital Arts|
|Depositing User:||P. Ogbuji|
|Date Deposited:||19 Jun 2009 17:03|
|Last Modified:||19 Jun 2009 17:03|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19984 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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