Neal, G.S and Smith, M.E and Trigg, M.B and Drennan, J. (1994) Solid-state NMR examination of the formation of beta-sialon by carbothermal reduction and nitridation of halloysite clay. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 4 (2). pp. 245-251. ISSN 0959-9428.
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Beta-Sialon (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z; 0<z<4.2] can be readily formed from halloysite clay [Al2Si2O5(OH)4.2H2O] at 1400-degrees-C by carbothermal reduction using brown coal and nitridation. A combination of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and Si-29 and Al-27 solid-state NMR are used to establish the details of the intermediate stages of the reaction. NMR clearly shows a distinct sequence of reactions of silica and mullite formed from the thermal decomposition of halloysite with carbon. The carbon initially reacts with free silica and then removes silicon from the mullite, to form a beta-SiC-like phase, leaving an alumina-rich mullite framework. SiC subsequently reacts with the remaining silicon from the mullite phase to form some Si3N4 which then combines with silicon from SiC, the alumina-rich mullite and nitrogen to form beta-sialon. The Si-29 and Al-27 NMR spectra from sialon X-phase are reported.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QC Physics
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences|
|Depositing User:||O.O. Odanye|
|Date Deposited:||06 Jul 2009 17:10|
|Last Modified:||06 Jul 2009 17:10|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19923 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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