The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale revisited: More perfect with four (instead of six) dimensions

Stoeber, J. (1998) The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale revisited: More perfect with four (instead of six) dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 24 (4). pp. 481-491. ISSN 0191-8869. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00232-8

Abstract

The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS; Frost, Marten, Lahart & Rosenblate, 1990) provides six subscales for a multidimensional assessment of perfectionism: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Personal Standards (PS), Parental Expectations (PE), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about actions (D), and Organization (O). Despite its increasing popularity in personality and clinical research, the FMPS has also drawn some criticism for its factorial instability across samples. The present article argues that this instability may be due to an overextraction of components. Whereas all previous analyses presented six-factor solutions for the FMPS items, a reanalysis with Horn's parallel analysis suggested only four or five underlying factors. To investigate the nature of these factors, item responses from N = 243 participants were subjected to principal component analysis. Again, parallel analysis retained only four components. Varimax rotation replicated PS and O as separate factors, whereas combining CM with D as well as PE with PC. Consequently, the present article suggests a reduction to four (instead of six) FMPS subscales. Differential correlations with anxiety, depression, parental representations and action tendencies underscore the advantage of this solution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: perfectionism; factorial validity; anxiety; depression; parent child relations; procrastination
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2009 09:08
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 03:13
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19826 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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