Detectability of Satellite Fragmentations in Highly Eccentric Orbits

Crowther, R. and Walker, R.W.H. and Dick, J.S.B. and Green, S.F. and Marchant, J. (1994) Detectability of Satellite Fragmentations in Highly Eccentric Orbits. Space Debris , 16 (11). pp. 123-126. ISSN 0273-1177 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

We consider the fragmentation of a satellite initially in a highly elliptical orbit (HEO) following hypervelocity collision with a debris object in low Earth orbit (LEO). The probability of such a collision is found to be small in the short term, but but the orbital lifetime for objects in HEO is much higher than for objects in circular orbits of similar perigee altitude. Thus the collision hazard they represent to LEO will continue in some cases for many hundreds of years. A 1.5m optical telescope equipped with fast read-out CCD arrays can detect debris of diameter similar to 1 cm in LEO. However, Molniya objects are detected much more efficiently using longer integration times and detecting them at high altitudes with a limiting size similar to 5 cm at 20000km. The choice of observing site and telescope pointing direction can have a significant effect on the detection rate and size dependent selection effects.

Item Type: Review
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: P. Ogbuji
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2009 16:37
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2012 12:30
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19791 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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