Perfectionism and the Big Five: Conscientiousness predicts longitudinal increases in self-oriented perfectionism

Stoeber, J. and Otto, K. and Dalbert, C. (2009) Perfectionism and the Big Five: Conscientiousness predicts longitudinal increases in self-oriented perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences , 47 (4). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0191-8869. (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.04.004

Abstract

Findings from cross-sectional studies on the relationship between perfectionism and the Big Five personality traits demonstrate that conscientiousness shows significant positive correlations with self-oriented perfectionism, and neuroticism with socially prescribed perfectionism. The question is whether conscientiousness and neuroticism also predict longitudinal changes in self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism. A sample of 214 adolescents aged 14-19 years completed measures of the Big Five and perfectionism twice over a period of 5 to 8 months. As was expected, conscientiousness predicted longitudinal increases in self-oriented perfectionism. Neuroticism, however, did not predict any longitudinal increases in perfectionism—neither in self-oriented nor in socially prescribed perfectionism. Providing support for McCrae and Costa’s dynamic personality theory (McCrae & Costa, 1999) which holds that broad personality traits play a part in the development of lower-level personality characteristics, the findings suggest that conscientiousness is a trait that plays a role in the development of self-oriented perfectionism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Perfectionism Big Five Personality development Adolescence
Subjects: H Social Sciences
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2009 12:46
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 03:09
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19657 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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