Ody, M.S. and Ryder, L.H.
(1995)
*Time-independent solutions to the 2-dimensional nonlinear o(3) sigma-model and surfaces of constant mean-curvature.*
International Journal of Modern Physics A, 10
(3).
pp. 337-364.
ISSN 0217-751X.
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## Abstract

It is shown that time-independent solutions to the (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear O(3) sigma model may be placed in correspondence with surfaces of constant mean curvature in three-dimensional Euclidean space. The tools required to establish this correspondence are provided by the classical differential geometry of surfaces. A constant-mean-curvature surface induces a solution to the O(3) model through the identification of the Gauss map, or normal vector, of the surface with the field vector of the sigma model. Some explicit solutions, including the solitons and antisolitons discovered by Belavin and Polyakov, and a more general solution due to Purkait and Ray, are considered and the surfaces giving rise to them are found explicitly. It is seen, for example, that the Belavin-Polyakov solutions are induced by the Gauss maps of surfaces which are conformal to their spherical images, i.e. spheres and minimal surfaces, and that the Purkait-Ray solution corresponds to the family of constant-mean-curvature helicoids first studied by do Carmo and Dajczer in 1982. A generalization of this method to include time dependence may shed new light on the role of the Hopf invariant in this model.

Item Type: | Article |
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Subjects: | Q Science > QC Physics |

Divisions: | Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences |

Depositing User: | O.O. Odanye |

Date Deposited: | 02 Jun 2009 06:05 |

Last Modified: | 24 Apr 2012 14:21 |

Resource URI: | http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/19421 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes) |

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