Phillips, C.I. and Clayton, R.M. and Cuthbert, J. and Qian, W. and Donnelly, C.A. and Prescott, R.J. (1996) Human cataract risk factors: Significance of abstention from, and high consumption of, Ethanol (U-curve) and non-significance of smoking. Ophthalmic Research, 28 (4). pp. 237-247. ISSN 0030-3747.
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Current ethanol consumption and cigarette smoking were quantified by questionnaire in Edinburgh and suburbs, Scotland, UK. Stringently matched cataract-control pairs (n = 990 and 858, respectively) were included. For ethanol, 'light and infrequent' consumption and 'light and frequent' were associated with a significantly lower risk of cataract than were total abstention and 'occasional' consumption; the prevalence of cataract rose with further increases in consumption, suggesting a U-shaped curve. For nuclear cataract, white in particular, there is a significant trend with amount consumed. Smoking was not found to be a risk factor.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||cataract; risk factors; alcohol; smoking|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science|
|Depositing User:||F.D. Zabet|
|Date Deposited:||03 Jun 2009 16:05|
|Last Modified:||03 Jun 2009 16:05|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/18719 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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