Human cataract risk factors: Significance of abstention from, and high consumption of, Ethanol (U-curve) and non-significance of smoking

Phillips, C.I. and Clayton, R.M. and Cuthbert, J. and Qian, W. and Donnelly, C.A. and Prescott, R.J. (1996) Human cataract risk factors: Significance of abstention from, and high consumption of, Ethanol (U-curve) and non-significance of smoking. Ophthalmic Research, 28 (4). pp. 237-247. ISSN 0030-3747. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Current ethanol consumption and cigarette smoking were quantified by questionnaire in Edinburgh and suburbs, Scotland, UK. Stringently matched cataract-control pairs (n = 990 and 858, respectively) were included. For ethanol, 'light and infrequent' consumption and 'light and frequent' were associated with a significantly lower risk of cataract than were total abstention and 'occasional' consumption; the prevalence of cataract rose with further increases in consumption, suggesting a U-shaped curve. For nuclear cataract, white in particular, there is a significant trend with amount consumed. Smoking was not found to be a risk factor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: cataract; risk factors; alcohol; smoking
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science
Depositing User: F.D. Zabet
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2009 16:05
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2009 16:05
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/18719 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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