Solubilisation of alpha-chymotrypsin by water-in-oil microemulsions - An analytical ultracentrifugation study

Oldfield, Christopher and Freedman, Robert B. and Robinson, Brian H. (1996) Solubilisation of alpha-chymotrypsin by water-in-oil microemulsions - An analytical ultracentrifugation study. Journal of the Chemical Society-Faraday Transactions, 92 (1). pp. 73-83. ISSN 0956-5000. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

The infinite-dilution sedimentation coefficient, s(20)(0), of droplets formed in water-in-oil (w/o) microemulsions composed of n-heptane, water and AOT increases with increasing molar ratio of water:AOT, R, according to the empirical equation, s(20)(0) = 5.7 + 0.983R + 0.043R(2) (5 < R < 50). The derived water-pool radius, r(wp), is related to R by the equation, r(wp)/nm = 0.54 + 0.15R, in agreement with direct size measurments using small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering techniques. The solubilisation properties of these microemulsions for alpha-chymotrypsin (alpha CT) and chymotrypsinogen (CTN) are complex and the solubilisation capacity cannot be defined in simple terms. However, the sedimentation coefficient, s(20)(0), of the protein-containing droplets is strictly independent of the protein concentration at constant R, as long as [protein] < [droplets]. The sedimentation behaviour as a function of R can be summarised as follows: (1) When R < 15, alpha CT sediments in two fractions, corresponding to droplets containing alpha CT dimers and monomers (fast- and slow-sedimenting fractions, respectively); alpha CT dimerises extensively in aqueous solution. CTN also sediments in two fractions in freshly prepared microemulsions, but the fast-fraction disappears within 48 h. CTN dimerises only weakly in aqueous solution and this is consistent with the absence of a stable fast-sedimenting fraction. For both fractions, s(20)(0) calculated for a droplet consisting of a close-packed surfactant shell surrounding an aqueous protein core, containing just enough water to solvate protein and surfactant, is significantly higher than the measured value and it is concluded that this model is not realistic; the protein molecules are not completely encapsulated. (2) When 15 < R < 30, alpha CT sediments in a single fraction with s(20)(0) significantly higher than those of 'original' droplets (i.e. the droplets in a microemulsion containing no protein, but of otherwise identical composition). The difference in s(20)(0) can be accounted for by a simple model in which two protein molecules displace an equivalent volume of water from the original droplet, so that there is no change in droplet size. Thus it seems that alpha CT is solubilised mainly in dimeric form, at 15 < R < 30. (3) When R greater than or equal to 30, alpha CT sediments in a single fraction with s(20)(0) identical, within the error of measurement, with those of the droplets in microemulsions prepared with no protein. This is consistent with the straightforward incorporation of protein molecules into droplets which are so large that the presence of protein (monomers of dimers) has no effect on droplet hydrodynamic properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: F.D. Zabet
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2009 17:46
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 10:16
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/18709 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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