Shakes, J. and Raymond, C and Rettura, C. and Williams, A. (1996) Concerted displacement mechanisms at trigonal carbon: The aminolysis of 4-aryloxy-2,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazines. Journal of the Chemical Society-Perkin Transactions 2 (8). pp. 1553-1557. ISSN 0300-9580.
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4-Aryloxy-1,3,5-triazines undergo bimolecular nucleophilic displacement reactions with amines and pyridines to yield the 4-substituted triazine and aryloxide ion. Rate constants in aqueous solution for the bimolecular reaction of morpholine and 4-dimethylaminopyridine with the title ethers obey the Hammett sigma equations with Hammett rho(1g) values 1.65 and 0.82, respectively. Comparison of the rho(1g) values with the Hammett rho(eq) for the equilibrium constants indicates that build-up of effective charge on the departing ether oxygen in the transition structure is less than half of that for complete bond fission. Rate constants for the reaction of substituted pyridines with the 4-nitro- and 3,4-dinitro-phenyl ethers obey Bronsted equations with exponents beta(nuc) of 0.68 and 1.06, respectively. The build-up of effective charge in bond formation is greater than half of that expected for complete bond formation. Variation in beta(nuc) and rho(1g) as a function of leaving group and nucleophile structure, respectively, is consistent with substantial coupling between bond forming and bond breaking. The ratio of the Leffler exponents in the pyridinolysis reactions, alpha(nuc)/alpha(1g), is greater than unity, consistent with an imbalance between bond fission and bond formation and indicating an accumulation of negative charge in the heteroaromatic nucleus in the transition structure 29% of that expected for adduct formation.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||P. Ogbuji|
|Date Deposited:||27 May 2009 11:00|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2009 18:51|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/18491 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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