Are there subgroups within the autistic spectrum? A cluster analysis of a group of children with autistic spectrum disorders

Prior, Margot and Eisenmajer, Richard and Leekam, Sue R. and Wing, Lorna and Gould, Judith and Ong, Ben and Dowe, David (1998) Are there subgroups within the autistic spectrum? A cluster analysis of a group of children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39 (6). pp. 893-902. ISSN 0021-9630. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Comprehensive data on the developmental history and current behaviours of a large sample of high-functioning individuals with diagnoses of autism, Asperger's syndrome, or other related disorder were collected via parent interviews. This provided the basis for a taxonomic analysis to search for subgroups. Most participants also completed theory of mind tasks. Three clusters or subgroups were obtained; these differed on theory of mind performance and on verbal abilities. Although subgroups were identified which bore some relationship to clinical differentiation of autistic, Asperger syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) cases, the nature of the differences between them appeared strongly related to ability variables. Examination of the kinds of behaviours that differentiated the groups suggested that a spectrum of autistic disorders on which children differ primarily in term of degrees of social and cognitive impairments could explain the findings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Asperger syndrome; autism; Pervasive Developmental Disorder; symptomatology; cluster analysis.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: M.A. Ziai
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 08:18
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2014 10:32
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/17513 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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