The role of categorization and in-group norms in judgments of groups and their members

Marques, Jose M. and Abrams, Dominic and Paez, Dominic and Martinez-Taboada, Cristina (1998) The role of categorization and in-group norms in judgments of groups and their members. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75 (4). pp. 976-988. ISSN 0022-3514. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.4.976

Abstract

Four minimal group experiments tested the prediction that judgments of groups and their members reflect evaluations made simultaneously but independently at the within-group and intergroup levels. On the basis of self-categorization theory and social identity theory, it was predicted that group members seek both intergroup distinctiveness and legitimization of in-group norms. In Experiments 1-3, membership (in-group, out-group), status of group members (modal, deviant), and either accountability to in-group or to out-group or salience of group norms were varied. Accountability and norm salience increased derogation of out-group normative (in-group deviant, out-group modal) and upgrading of in-group normative (in-group modal, out-group deviant) members. In Experiment 4, within-group differentiation reinforced in-group identification. These findings suggest that subjective group dynamics operate to bolster social identity when people judge modal and deviant in-group and out-group members.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: M.A. Ziai
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2009 12:13
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014 08:36
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/17437 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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