Vancomycin production is enhanced in chemostat culture with biomass-recycle

McIntyre, J.J. and Bunch, A.W. and Bull, A.T. (1999) Vancomycin production is enhanced in chemostat culture with biomass-recycle. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 62 (5). pp. 576-582. ISSN 0006-3592. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Production of the glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin by Amycolatopsis orientalis ATCC 19795 was examined in phosphate-limited chemostat cultures with biomass-recycle, employing an oscillating membrane separator, at a constant dilution rate (D = 0.14 h(-1)). Experiments made under low agitation conditions (600 rpm) showed that the biomass concentration could be increased 3.9-fold with vancomycin production kinetics very similar to that of chemostat culture without biomass-recycle. The specific production rate (q(vancomycin)) was maximal when the biomass-recycle ratio (R) was 0.13 (D = 0.087 h(-1)). When the dissolved oxygen tension dropped below 20% (air saturation), the biomass and vancomycin concentrations decreased and an unidentified red metabolite was released into the culture medium. Using increased agitation (850 rpm), used to maintain the dissolved oxygen tension above 20% air saturation, maximum increases in biomass concentration (7.9-fold) and vancomcyin production 1.6-fold (0.6 mg/g dry weight/h) were obtained when R was 0.44(D = 0.056 h(-1)) compared to chemostat culture without biomass-recycle. Moreover, at this latter recycle ratio the volumetric vancomycin production rate was 14.7 mg/L/h (a 7-fold increase compared to chemostat culture without biomass-recycle). These observations encourage further research on biomass-recycling as a means of optimising the production of antibiotics. (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: vancomycin production; biomass-recycle; Amycolatopsis orientalis; membrane separator
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: I.T. Ekpo
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2009 09:21
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2009 09:21
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16930 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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