Complexity and Valence in Ethnophaulisms and Exclusion of Ethnic Out-Groups: What Puts the “Hate” Into Hate Speech?

Leader, Tirza and Mullen, Brian and Rice, Diana R. (2009) Complexity and Valence in Ethnophaulisms and Exclusion of Ethnic Out-Groups: What Puts the “Hate” Into Hate Speech? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96 (1). pp. 170-182. ISSN 0022-3514. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0013066

Abstract

Ethnophaulisms (A. A. Roback, 1944) are the words used as ethnic slurs to refer to out-groups in hate speech. The results of previous archival research have suggested that it is the complexity, more so than the valence, of ethnophaulisms that predicts the exclusion of ethnic immigrant out-groups from the receiving society. This article reports the results of 3 experimental examinations of the relative contributions of complexity and valence in ethnophaulisms to the exclusion of an ethnic out-group. Experiment 1 demonstrated that exclusion of the ethnic out-group was increased by the use of low-complexity ethnophaulisms. Experiment 2 demonstrated that exclusion of the ethnic out-group decreased by the use of high-complexity ethnophaulisms. Experiment 3 confirmed the demonstration that exclusion decreased by the use of a different set of high-complexity ethnophaulisms. The results of these three experiments converge to indicate that low complexity exerts more of an effect than negative valences on the exclusion of an ethnic out-group. The implications of these results for theoretical approaches to intergroup behavior are considered.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: Conference: 5th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Personality-and-Social-Psychology Austin, TX, JAN 29-30, 2004
Uncontrolled keywords: ethnophaulism; social exclusion; complexity; valence; out-group evaluation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Tirza Leader
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2009 14:43
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2014 09:22
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16779 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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