Ray, L.J. (1999) 'Fundamentalism', modernity and the new Jacobins. Economy and Society, 28 (2). pp. 198-221. ISSN 0308-5147.
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This paper offers an interpretation of 'Islamic fundamentalism', especially the Iranian Revolution, in the context of sociological debates about 'modernity'. The problematic nature of both these terms is acknowledged. It criticizes explanations of 'fundamentalism' that begin from the assumption of a dichotomy between fundamentalism and modernity, arguing instead for a more nuanced understanding of both Islamic revivalism and the modern. The paper begins by offering a model of modernity as a set of bi-modal tensions within which Islamic 'fundamentalism' could be understood as a form of modernist revolutionary populism. This argument is then developed through a comparison between the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the Jacobin phase of the French Revolution. It argues that there are parallels between the idea of Islamic revolution and the Jacobin revolutionary imagination, which demonstrate the modernist dimension of Islamist movements. The discussion concludes with some observations on Islam, and the closure of the Jacobin revolutionary project.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||Iran; Islam; fundamentalism; modernity; revolution|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research|
|Depositing User:||F.D. Zabet|
|Date Deposited:||17 Apr 2009 14:58|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2009 14:58|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16520 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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