Reactions within association complexes: The reaction of imidazole with substituted phenyl acetates in the presence of detergents in aqueous solution

Pirrincioglu, Necmettin and Zaman, Flora and Williams, Andrew (2000) Reactions within association complexes: The reaction of imidazole with substituted phenyl acetates in the presence of detergents in aqueous solution. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 65 (8). pp. 2537-2543. ISSN 0022-3263. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jo991887o

Abstract

The bimolecular rate constants for reaction of imidazole with phenyl acetates complexed with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) or cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) micelles obey Bronsted equations with beta(1g) similar to that of the reaction in aqueous solution. The dissociation constants of ester (Ks) and the hypothetical dissociation constant (K-TS) Of the transition state of the micelle complexes obey Hansch equations with similar sensitivities (p) to pi(-0.66 and -0.589 for K-S and -0.735 and -0.495 for K-TS, respectively). The slopes also indicate that the microsolvation environments associated with the transition state and the complexed ester have aqueous character. The relative values of K-TS and K-S indicate that the transition state of the reaction of imidazole with ester is more weakly complexed to both micelles than is the reactant ester. Log K-TS values are linear functions of log K-S for reactions with both CTAB and SDS; the slopes are, respectively, -0.893 and -1.19 consistent with a slightly more "water-like" medium for the transition state than for the site of binding of ester with CTAB-micelle and slightly less for the SDS-micelle. The results for ester and transition state are consistent with the location of the phenyl residue in a hydrophobic region that possesses water molecules. It is concluded that the acetyl group in the complexed transition state is located in an aqueous part of the Stern region, whereas the phenyl residue is in a part of the Stern region that possesses alkane components. The derived kinetic and complexation parameters in these experiments refer to micelles with Stern regions that have been maintained at constant ionic compositions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: A. Xie
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2009 13:04
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2014 13:56
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16502 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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