Job Strain, Effort-Reward Imbalance and mental distress: a study of occupations in general medical practice

Calnan, Michael .W. and Wainwright, David and Almond, Stephen (2000) Job Strain, Effort-Reward Imbalance and mental distress: a study of occupations in general medical practice. Work and Stress, 14 (4). pp. 297-311. ISSN 0267-8373. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

The full text of this publication is not available from this repository. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678370110040920

Abstract

There is increasing evidence to support the predictive power of social epidemiological models such as Effort-Reward Imbalance (Siegrist, 1996) and the Job-Strain Model (Karasek, and Theorell, 1990) for explaining occupational stress, although it has been suggested that the models may have distinctive contributions towards explaining work stress in specific work settings. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the explanatory power of the different models might be enhanced if they were combined. The aim of this paper is to explore these questions by examining the power of the two different models both separately and in combination for explaining job satisfaction and mental distress in general medical practice. This analysis was based on data collected from a postal survey of the members of staff (N = 1089, response rate = 70 %) of 81 practices, which were randomly selected from all general practices in the National Health Service Executive South East region. The results show chat while both models were predictors of mental distress and job satisfaction the models that. combined different dimensions were the strongest predictors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: occupational stress; job satisfaction; job-demand control; effort-reward imbalance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: P. Ogbuji
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2009 17:05
Last Modified: 14 May 2014 07:55
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16198 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
  • Depositors only (login required):