Sertindole improves both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia: Results of a phase III trial

Hale, Anthony and Azorin, Jean-Michel and Kasper, Siegfried and Maier, Wolfgang and Syvalahti, Erkka and Van der Burght, Michael and Sloth-Nielsen, Mogens and Wehnert, Allan (2000) Sertindole improves both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia: Results of a phase III trial. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 4 (1). pp. 55-62. ISSN 1365-1501. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

OBJECTS: This large multicentre, double-blind, randomized study was designed to evaluate four doses of sertindole and haloperidol 10 mg in the treatment of patients with DSR-I-III-R schizophrenia. METHOD: 617 patients were randomized, of whom 595 were included in an intention-to-treat analysis. 375 patients completed the study. Patients were randomized to receive sertindole 8 mg/day, sertindole 16 mg/day, sertindole 20 mg/day, sertindole 24 mg/day or haloperidol 10 mg/day for 56 days. Efficacy was assessed through the changes in score on the Positive ann Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) scale. Improvement in all end-points was observed for all treatment groups. RESULTS: Sertindole 16 mg showed significantly greater efficacy against negative symptoms than haloperidol 10 mg. The optimal nose of sertindole was 16 mg/day, Sertindole 8 mg appeared to be suboptimal with respect to efficacy, and increasing the nose of sertindole above 20 mg did not appear to offer any additional benefit. Sertindole at all doses caused significantly fewer extrapyramidal symptoms than haloperidol, CONCLUSION: Sertindole is effective against positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia within the dose range 12-24 mg daily, with an optimal starting nose of 16 mg daily. Efficacy is comparable to 10 mg of haloperidol with no difference in the time course of treatment response. The nose response relationship for efficacy with sertindole seems to plateau at about 16,ng daily with no demonstrable difference in increasing doses above this point.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: negative symptoms; schizophrenia; phase III clinical trial; positive symptoms; sertindole
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: O.O. Odanye
Date Deposited: 01 May 2009 00:08
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014 16:04
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16181 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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