Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: Hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures

Glick, Peter and Fiske, Susan T. and Mladinic, Antonio and Saiz, Jose L and Abrams, Dominic and Masser, Barbara and Adetoun, Bolanle and Osagie, Johnstone E. and Akande, Adebowale and Alao, Amos and Annetje, Barbara and Willemsen, Tineke M. and Chipeta, Kettie and Dardenne, Benoit and Dijksterhuis, Ap and Wigboldus, Daniel and Eckes, Thomas and Six-Materna, Iris and Exposito, Francisca and Moya, Miguel and Foddy, Margaret and Kim, Hyun-Jeong and Lameiras, Maria and Sotelo, Maria Jose and Mucchi-Faina, Angelica and Romani, Myrna and Sakall, Nuray and Udegbe, Bola and Yamamoto, Mariko and Ui, Miyoko and Ferreira, Maria Cristina and Lopez, Wilson Lopez (2000) Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: Hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79 (5). pp. 763-775. ISSN 0022-3514. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

The authors argue that complementary hostile and benevolent components of sexism exist across cultures. Male dominance creates hostile sexism IHS), but men's dependence on women fosters benevolent sexism (BS)-subjectively positive attitudes that put women on a pedestal but reinforce their subordination. Research with 15,000 men and women in 19 nations showed that (a) HS and BS are coherent constructs that correlate positively across nations, but (b) HS predicts the ascription of negative and BS the ascription of positive traits to women, (c) relative to men, women are more likely to reject HS than BS, especially when overall levels of sexism in a culture are high, and (d) national averages on BS and HS predict gender inequality across nations. These results challenge prevailing notions of prejudice as an antipathy in that BS tan affectionate, patronizing ideology) reflects inequality and is a cross-culturally pervasive complement to HS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: O.O. Odanye
Date Deposited: 19 May 2009 19:15
Last Modified: 09 May 2014 15:04
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/16143 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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