In-situ studies of the processing of sol-gel produced amorphous materials using XANES, SAXS and curved image plate XRD

Pickup, D.M. and Mountjoy, G. and Newport, R.J. and Smith, M.E. and Wallidge, G.W. and Roberts, M.A. (1999) In-situ studies of the processing of sol-gel produced amorphous materials using XANES, SAXS and curved image plate XRD. In: Symposium on Applications of Synchrotron Radiation Techniques to Materials Science V held at the 1999 MRS Fall Meeting, 29 November - 3 December 1999, Boston, Ma. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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Abstract

Sol-gel produced mixed oxide materials have been extensively studied using conventional, ex situ structural techniques. Because the structure of these materials is complex and dependent on preparation conditions, there is much to be gained from in situ techniques: the high brightness of synchrotron X-ray sources makes it possible to probe atomic structure on a short timescale, and hence in situ. Here we report recent results for mixed titania- (and some zirconia-) silica gels and xerogels. Titania contents were in the range 8-18 mol%, and heat treatments up to 500 degrees C were applied. The results have been obtained from intrinsically rapid synchrotron X-ray experiments: i) time-resolved small angle scattering, using a quadrant detector, to follow the initial stages of aggregation between the sol and the gel; ii) the use of a curved image plate detector in diffraction, which allowed the simultaneous collection of data across a wide range of scattering at high count rate, to study heat treatments; and iii) X-ray absorption spectroscopy to explore the effects of ambient moisture on transition metal sites.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: J.M. Smith
Date Deposited: 14 May 2009 16:14
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 01:53
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15953 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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