Structural Characterization of Mixed (TiO2)x(ZrO2)y(SiO2)1-x-y Sol−Gels (0.05 ≤ x, y ≤ 0.15) by a Combination of X-ray and Spectroscopy Techniques

Mountjoy, Gavin and Holland, Mark A. and Wallidge, Graham and Gunawidjaja, Philips N. and Smith, Mark E. and Pickup, David M. and Newport, Robert J. (2003) Structural Characterization of Mixed (TiO2)x(ZrO2)y(SiO2)1-x-y Sol−Gels (0.05 ≤ x, y ≤ 0.15) by a Combination of X-ray and Spectroscopy Techniques. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (31). pp. 7557-7566. ISSN 1520-6106. (Access to this publication is restricted)

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Abstract

A combination of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and O-17 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) has been used to study the atomic structure of (TiO2)(x)(ZrO2)(y)(SiO2)(1-x-y) xerogels (0.05 less than or equal to x, y less than or equal to 0.15). The samples were prepared by reacting Ti butoxide and Zr n-propoxide with acetylacetone, to reduce reactivity of the metal alkoxides, and then reacting with partially hydrolyzed tetraethyl orthosilicate. EXAFS and XANES results imply that simultaneous insertion of Zr and Ti oxides into a silica host network causes the metals to adopt environments similar to those observed for the corresponding binary Zr oxide- and Ti oxide-silica systems. XANES, SAXS, and XRD indicate that the samples with up to 20 mol % total metal loading remain homogeneous with heat treatment up to 500 degreesC. O-17 NMR indicates that both Ti- and Zr-rich samples with 20 mol % total metal loading exhibit phase separation after heat treatment at 750 degreesC. After heat treatment at 1000 degreesC, the sample with x = 0.15 and y = 0.05 shows clear evidence from XRD of phase separation in the form of ZrTiO4 domains, which is not seen in other samples.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: J.M. Smith
Date Deposited: 14 May 2009 09:48
Last Modified: 22 May 2014 11:19
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15926 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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