A need basis for values: Associations between the need for cognitive closure and value priorities

Calogero, Rachel M. and Bardi, Anat and Sutton, Robbie M. (2009) A need basis for values: Associations between the need for cognitive closure and value priorities. Personality and Individual Differences, 46 (2). pp. 154-159. ISSN 0191-8869 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.019

Abstract

Values are viewed as partly based on needs, but little research has been devoted to testing this relationship. The need to attain or avoid cognitive closure may be an important cognitive-motivational factor underlying the endorsement and pursuit of particular values. The present research provided an empirical test of the relations between individual differences in the need for cognitive Closure (NFCC) and Schwartz's ten values. One hundred men and women from a southeastern British university completed measures of NFCC and basic Values. Consistent with hypotheses, the results indicated that NFCC was positively associated with valuing security, conformity, and tradition and negatively associated with valuing stimulation and self-direction. In addition, NFCC was unrelated to valuing hedonism, power, universalism, and benevolence, but negatively related to Valuing achievement. Consistent with theories of epistemic closure, this research supports the idea that individual differences in NFCC give rise to Values which match and satisfy individual needs to attain or avoid cognitive closure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Need for cognitive closure; Values
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Rachel Calogero
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2009 09:43
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 15:21
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15456 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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