Van Vugt, M. and Spisak, B.R. (2008) Sex Differences in the Emergence of Leadership During Competitions Within and Between Groups. Psychological Science, 19 (9). pp. 854-858. ISSN 0956-7976.
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This experiment investigated potential gender biases in the emergence of leadership in groups. Teams played a public-goods game under conditions of intra- or intergroup competition. We predicted and found a strong preference for female leaders during intragroup competition and male leaders during intergroup competition. Furthermore, during intragroup competition, a female leader was more instrumental than a male leader in raising group investments, but this pattern was reversed during intergroup competition. These findings suggest that particular group threats elicit specific gender-biased leader prototypes. We speculate about the evolutionary and cultural origins of these sex differences in the emergence of leadership.
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology|
|Depositing User:||Louise Dorman|
|Date Deposited:||07 Apr 2009 15:23|
|Last Modified:||08 Apr 2009 14:21|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15284 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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