Power and affordances: When the situation has more power over powerful than powerless individuals

Guinote, Ana (2008) Power and affordances: When the situation has more power over powerful than powerless individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95 (2). pp. 237-252. ISSN 0022-3514. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012518

Abstract

Six studies examined how power affects responses to situational affordances. Participants were assigned to a powerful or a powerless condition and were exposed to various situations that afford different classes of behavior. Study 1 examined behavior intentions for weekdays and weekends. Studies 2 and 3 focused on responses to imaginary social and work situations. Study 4 examined planned behavior for winter and summer days. Finally, Studies 5 and 6 examined behavior and attention in the presence of situation-relevant and irrelevant information. Consistently across these studies, powerful individuals acted more in situation-consistent ways, and less in situation-inconsistent ways, compared with powerless individuals. These findings are interpreted as a result of the greater tendency for powerful individuals to process information selectively in line with the primary factors that drive cognition, such as affordances. One consequence of these findings is that powerful individuals change behavior across situations more than powerless individuals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: power; affordances; automatic goal activation; objective group variability; situated cognition
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Suzanne Duffy
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2009 15:14
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 13:36
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/15133 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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