Reading spoken words: Orthographic effects in auditory priming

Chéreau, C. and Gaskell, M.G. and Dumay, Nicolas (2007) Reading spoken words: Orthographic effects in auditory priming. Cognition, 102 (3). pp. 341-360. ISSN 0010-0277 . (Access to this publication is restricted)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2006.01.001

Abstract

Three experiments examined the involvement of orthography in spoken word processing using a task – unimodal auditory priming with offset overlap – taken to reflect activation of prelexical representations. Two types of prime–target relationship were compared; both involved phonological overlap, but only one had a strong orthographic overlap (e.g., dream-gleam vs. scheme-gleam). In Experiment 1, which used lexical decision, phonological overlap facilitated target responses in comparison with an unrelated condition (e.g., stovegleam). More importantly, facilitation was modulated by degree of orthographic overlap. Experiment 2 employed the same design as Experiment 1, but with a modified procedure aimed at eliciting swifter responses. Again, the phonological priming effect was sensitive to the degree of orthographic overlap between prime and target. Finally, to test whether this orthographic boost was caused by congruency between response type and valence of the prime–target overlap, Experiment 3 used a pseudoword detection task, in which participants responded ‘‘yes’’ to novel words and ‘‘no’’ to known words. Once again phonological priming was observed, with a significant boost in the orthographic overlap condition. These results indicate a surprising level of orthographic involvement in speech perception, and provide clear evidence for mandatory orthographic activation during spoken word recognition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: speech perception; spoken word recognition; phonological priming; orthographic priming; lexical decision
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Nicolas Dumay
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2009 15:22
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2012 14:30
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/14923 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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