Schmidt, J.M. (2007) A versatile component-coupling model to account for substituent effects: application to polypeptide phi and (chi 1) torsion related (3)J data. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 186 (1). pp. 34-50. ISSN 1090-7807.
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A model is proposed for collating fundamental and incremental component couplings to account for substituent effects on 3J arising from, for example, amino-acid type variation. The unique topology patterns encountered in each of the common amino acids were modeled by assigning substituents on a 3J coupling path to four simple categories comprising only relative positions: central (inner) vs. terminal (outer) and first-sphere vs. second-sphere. Associated increment values then reflect the influences on each 3J coupling accessible for torsion-angle determination. Facility of use of this model, in comparison with previous ones, owes to its strict limitation to no more than three Karplus coefficients for each specific torsion-angle dependency derived. The model was integrated in the concept of self-consistent 3J analysis and applied to polypeptide fragments X–N–Cα–Y and X–Cα–Cβ–Y related to torsions and χ1, respectively, yielding quantitative effects of both first- and second-sphere substituents. Regarding the polypeptide backbone, the model predicts first-sphere substituent effects on -related 3J couplings to be within experimental uncertainty because main-chain topologies are identical in most amino-acid types, except for marginal effects in glycine and proline. However, effects in excess of standard errors in 3J() measurements are anticipated from second-sphere substituent variation. Regarding amino-acid side chains, first-sphere substituent effects on χ1-related 3J couplings were previously found pivotal to accurate torsion-angle interpretation. Taking additional second-sphere effects on 3J(χ1) into account is here demonstrated further to improve biomolecular structure analysis.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||Vicinal coupling constants; Torsion angle; Data redundance; Self-consistency; Flavodoxin|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||Stephen Holland|
|Date Deposited:||19 Dec 2007 18:56|
|Last Modified:||05 Sep 2011 23:23|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/1421 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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