Paracrystalline structure of activated carbons

Szczygielska, A. and Burian, A. and Dore, J.C. (2001) Paracrystalline structure of activated carbons. Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter, 13 (24). pp. 5545-5561. ISSN 0953-8984. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/13/24/301

Abstract

Structural studies by means of neutron diffraction of activated carbons, prepared from a polymer of phenol formaldehyde resin by carbonization and activation processes, with variable porosity, are presented. The neutron scattering data were recorded over the range of the scattering vector Q from 2.5 to 500 nm(-1) The structure of activated carbons has been described in terms of disordered graphite-like layers with very weak interlayer correlations. The model has been generated by computer simulations and its validity has been tested by comparison of the experimental and calculated intensity functions. Modelling studies have shown that the model containing 3-4 layers each about 2 nm in diameter accounts for the experimental data and that graphite layers are randomly translated and rotated, according to the turbostratic structure. Near-neighbour carbon-carbon distances of about 0.139 nm and 0.154 nm have been determined. The Debye-Waller factor exp(-Q(2)sigma (2)/2) with sigma = sigma (0)rootr suggests a paracrystalline structure within a single layer. The value of the interlayer spacing of 0.36 nm has been found from paracrystalline simulations of the layer arrangement in the c-axis direction. The high quality of the experimental data has enabled determination of the coordination numbers, the interatomic distances and their standard deviations using a curve-fitting procedure over the Q-range from 250 nm to 500 nm, providing structural information about short- and intermediate-range ordering.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Maggie Francis
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2009 22:58
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2009 22:58
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/13413 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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