Sakwa, R. (2005) ‘Perestroika and the Challenge for Democracy in Russia’. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 13 (2). pp. 255-276.
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The period since the onset of perestroika is examined as a single process in which a number of fundamental metapolitical factors are identified. These processes transcend the specific personalities of Gorbachev,Yeltsin, and Putin, yet shape and constrain their leaderships. Path dependency is important, but cannot be entirely determining. Postcommunist restorationism shares some features with earlier restorations but its focus on the rebirth of politics and a set of normative values is distinctive. Charismatic leadership cannot be taken in isolation and is a crucial factor in helping shape the character of institutions and the state. The appropriation of the concept of civil society in postcommunist Russia differs from its practices in Central Europe, as does the relationship between the state and regime. Two types of politics can be identified, the ideological and the axiological, but the triumph of the latter in the exit from communism has not allowed the displacement of sovereignty, typical of the Soviet period, to be transcended.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||axiology, charismatic leadership, civil society, Gorbachev, ideology, metapolitics, path dependency, perestroika, postcommunist restoration, Putin, regime, sovereignty, state, Yeltsin|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations|
|Depositing User:||Richard Sakwa|
|Date Deposited:||30 May 2009 16:00|
|Last Modified:||09 Dec 2011 15:47|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/13104 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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