Varnik, A. and Kolves, K. and van der Felz-Cornelis, C.M. and Marusic, A. and Oskarsson, H. and Palmer, A. and Reisch, T. and Scheerder, G. and Arensman, E. and Aromaa, E. and Giupponi, G. and Gusmão, R. and Maxwell, M. and Pull, C. and Szekely, A. and Perez Sola, V. and Hegerl, U. (2008) Suicide methods in Europe: a gender-specific analysis of countries participating in the "European Alliance Against Depression". Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62 (6). pp. 545-551. ISSN 0143-005X .
Objective: To identify the most frequent gener-specific suicide methods in Europe. Design: Proportions of seven predominant suicide methods utilised in 16 countries participating in the European Alliance Against Depression (EAAD)were reported in total and cross-nationally. Relative risk (RR)relating to suicide methods and gender was calculated. To group countries by pattern of suicide methods, hierarchical clustering was applied. Setting and participants: Data on suicide methods for 119 122 male and 41 338 female cases in 2000-4/5 from 16 EAAD countries, covering 52% of European population were obtained. Results: Hanging was the most prevalent suicide method among both males (54.3%) and females (35.6%). For males, hanging was followed by firearms (9.7%) and poisoning by drugs (8.6%); for females, by poisoning by drugs (24.7%)and jumping from a high place (14.5%). Only in Switzerland did hanging rank as second for males after firearms. Hanging ranked first among females in eight countries, poisoning by drugs in five and jumping from a high place in three. In all countries, males had a higher risk than females of using firearms and hanging and a lower risk of poisoning by drugs, drowning and jumping. Grouping showed that countries might be divided into five main groups among males; for females, grouping did not yield clear results. Conclusions: Research on suicide methods could lead to the development of gender-specific intervention strategies. Nevertheless, other approaches, such as better identification and treatment of mental disorders and the improvement of toxicological aid should be put in place.
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental health
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies|
|Depositing User:||Paula Loader|
|Date Deposited:||18 Mar 2009 14:26|
|Last Modified:||14 Feb 2013 15:59|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/11750 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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