The Effect of Type and Concentration of Vehicles on the Dissolution Rate of a Poorly Soluble Drug (indomethacin) from Liquisolid Compacts

Nokhodchi, A. and Javadzadeh, Y. and Siahi, M.R. and Barzegar-Jalali, M. (2005) The Effect of Type and Concentration of Vehicles on the Dissolution Rate of a Poorly Soluble Drug (indomethacin) from Liquisolid Compacts. J. Pharm. Pharmaceutical Sci., 8 . pp. 18-25. ISSN 1482-1826 . (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: For poorly soluble, highly permeable (Class II) drugs, such as indomethacin, the rate of oral absorption is often controlled by the dissolution rate in the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore together with the permeability, the solubility and dissolution behaviour of a drug are key determinants of its oral bioavailability. The object of the present study is to increase dissolution rate of indomethacin using liquisolid compacts. METHODS: Several formulations of liquisolid compacts containing various ratios of drug: propylene glycol (ranging from 1:1 to 1:4) was prepared. In this study the ratio of microcrystalline cellulose (carrier) to silica (coating powder material) was 20 in all formulations. The dissolution behaviour of indomethacin from liquisolid compacts and conventional formulations was investigated at different pHs (1.2 and 7.2). RESULTS: The results showed that liquisolid compacts demonstrated considerably higher drug dissolution rates than those of conventionally made capsules and directly compressed tablets containing indomethacin. This was due to increased wetting properties and surface of drug available for dissolution. Also it has been shown that the fraction of molecularly dispersed drug (FM) in the liquid medication of liquisolid systems was directly proportional to their indomethacin dissolution rates (DR). An attempt was made to correlate the percentage drug dissolved in 10-min with the solubility of indomethacin in different vehicles. A plot of the percentage drug dissolved against the solubility of indomethacin showed that the amount of drug dissolved increased linearly (correlation coefficient of 0.9994 and 0.996 at pH 7.2 and 1.2 respectively) with an increase in solubility of indomethacin in the vehicles. CONCLUSION: The liquisolid compacts technique can be a promising alternative for the formulation of water insoluble drugs, such as indomethacin into rapid release tablets.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Ali Nokhodchi
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2008 15:43
Last Modified: 08 May 2012 11:21
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/11302 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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